MySQL-MMM架构使用

问题本案例要求基于普通版的MySQL服务器改造MMM架构,完成以下任务操作:启动MMM集群架构设置集群中服务器为online状态方案MySQL-MMM架构部署完成后需要启动,数据库端启动mmm-agent进程,管理端启动mmm-monitor进程,启动完成后设置所有数据库主机状态为online。步骤实现此案例需要按照如下步骤进行。步骤一:启动MMM集群架构1)启动mmm-agent进程master...

  • 问题

本案例要求基于普通版的MySQL服务器改造MMM架构,完成以下任务操作:

  • 启动MMM集群架构
  • 设置集群中服务器为online状态
  • 方案

MySQL-MMM架构部署完成后需要启动,数据库端启动mmm-agent进程,管理端启动mmm-monitor进程,启动完成后设置所有数据库主机状态为online。

  • 步骤

实现此案例需要按照如下步骤进行。

步骤一:启动MMM集群架构

1)启动mmm-agent进程

master1操作:

[root@master1 ~]# /etc/init.d/mysql-mmm-agent start

Daemon bin: '/usr/sbin/mmm_agentd'

Daemon pid: '/var/run/mmm_agentd.pid'

Starting MMM Agent daemon... Ok

master2操作:

[root@master2 ~]# /etc/init.d/mysql-mmm-agent start

Daemon bin: '/usr/sbin/mmm_agentd'

Daemon pid: '/var/run/mmm_agentd.pid'

Starting MMM Agent daemon... Ok

slave1操作:

[root@master2 ~]# /etc/init.d/mysql-mmm-agent start

Daemon bin: '/usr/sbin/mmm_agentd'

Daemon pid: '/var/run/mmm_agentd.pid'

Starting MMM Agent daemon... Ok

slave2操作:

[root@slave2 ~]# /etc/init.d/mysql-mmm-agent start

Daemon bin: '/usr/sbin/mmm_agentd'

Daemon pid: '/var/run/mmm_agentd.pid'

Starting MMM Agent daemon... Ok

2)启动mmm-monitor进程

monitor主机操作:

[root@monitor ~]# /etc/init.d/mysql-mmm-monitor start

Daemon bin: '/usr/sbin/mmm_mond'

Daemon pid: '/var/run/mmm_mond.pid'

Starting MMM Monitor daemon: Ok

步骤二:设置集群中服务器为online状态

控制命令只能在管理端monitor服务器上执行。

查看当前集群中各服务器状态:

[root@monitor ~]# mmm_control show

��master1(192.168.4.10) master/AWAITING_RECOVERY. Roles:

��master2(192.168.4.11) master/AWAITING_RECOVERY. Roles:

��slave1(192.168.4.12) slave/AWAITING_RECOVERY. Roles:

��slave2(192.168.4.13) slave/AWAITING_RECOVERY. Roles:

设置4台数据库主机状态为online:

[root@monitor ~]# mmm_control set_online master1

OK: State of 'master1' changed to ONLINE. Now you can wait some time and check its new roles!

[root@monitor ~]# mmm_control set_online master2

OK: State of 'master2' changed to ONLINE. Now you can wait some time and check its new roles!

[root@monitor ~]# mmm_control set_online slave1

OK: State of 'slave1' changed to ONLINE. Now you can wait some time and check its new roles!

[root@monitor ~]# mmm_control set_online slave2

OK: State of 'slave2' changed to ONLINE. Now you can wait some time and check its new roles!

[root@monitor ~]#

再次查看当前集群中各服务器状态:

[root@monitor ~]# mmm_control show

��master1(192.168.4.10) master/ONLINE. Roles: writer(192.168.4.200)

��master2(192.168.4.11) master/ONLINE. Roles:

��slave1(192.168.4.12) slave/ONLINE. Roles: reader(192.168.4.201)

��slave2(192.168.4.13) slave/ONLINE. Roles: reader(192.168.4.202)

[root@monitor ~]#

步骤三:测试MySQL-MMM架构

1)客户机安装MySQL-client软件包

[root@client ~]# tar xvf MySQL-5.6.15-1.el6.x86_64.rpm-bundle.tar

.. ..

[root@client ~]# rpm -ivh MySQL-client-5.6.15-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

.. ..

2)MySQL-MMM虚拟IP访问测试

[root@client ~]# mysql -h192.168.4.200 -uroot -ppwd123 -e "show databases"

Warning: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.

--------------------

| Database ����������|

--------------------

| information_schema |

| mysql �������������|

| performance_schema |

| tarena ������������|

| test ��������������|

--------------------

[root@client ~]#

[root@client ~]# mysql -h192.168.4.200 -uroot -ppwd123 -e "show databases"

Warning: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.

--------------------

| Database ����������|

--------------------

| information_schema |

| mysql �������������|

| performance_schema |

| tarena ������������|

| test ��������������|

--------------------

[root@client ~]#

[root@client ~]# mysql -h192.168.4.202 -uroot -ppwd123 -e "show databases"

Warning: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.

--------------------

| Database ����������|

--------------------

| information_schema |

| mysql �������������|

| performance_schema |

| tarena ������������|

| test ��������������|

--------------------

[root@client ~]#

3)主数据库宕机测试

[root@master1 ~]# service mysql stop //停止master1上服务

Shutting down MySQL.... �����������������������������������[确定]

[root@master1 ~]#

[root@monitor ~]# mmm_control show //查看集群内服务器状态

通过输出信息可以看到虚拟IP从master1切换到master2:

��master1(192.168.4.10) master/HARD_OFFLINE. Roles:

��master2(192.168.4.11) master/ONLINE. Roles: writer(192.168.4.200)

��slave1(192.168.4.12) slave/ONLINE. Roles: reader(192.168.4.201)

��slave2(192.168.4.13) slave/ONLINE. Roles: reader(192.168.4.202)

[root@monitor ~]#

[root@client ~]# mysql -h192.168.4.200 -uroot -ppwd123 -e "show databases" //访问虚拟IP测试

Warning: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.

--------------------

| Database ����������|

--------------------

| information_schema |

| mysql �������������|

| performance_schema |

| tarena ������������|

| test ��������������|

--------------------

[root@client ~]#

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